The Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI) and the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) published a study in November 2016 which analyses 289 ongoing land-related conflicts in India. These conflicts affect an estimated 3.2m people and put US$179bn of investment at risk.
The interim study is only believed to represent 25-40% of active and substantive land conflicts in India. Therefore, the number of people affected and the level of investment at risk could be significantly higher. Of the 289 conflicts analysed:
The study concludes that conflicts are particularly likely on common lands because they have been treated as state-owned property and customary land rights are rarely respected. RRI and TISS warn that – without greater clarity on land and forest rights – competing claims on land will continue to fuel conflict and put India’s socioeconomic development at risk.
The full report is available here: Land Conflicts in India: An interim analysis.